The Canadian Superior Courts Judges Association has produced an educational video called Judges in Canada, aimed primarily at new and young Canadians. The video illustrates what people are entitled to expect from judges in Canadian Courts and covers the principles fundamental to the Canadian justice system, including judicial Independence and the rule of law. Available in English and French, the video can be seen on YouTube.
There are three courts in Alberta administered by the province: The Court of Appeal of Alberta; the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta; and the Provincial Court of Alberta. Other courts which administer laws in Alberta include the Federal Court of Canada, the Tax Court of Canada and the Supreme Court of Canada. There are also a number of boards and tribunals in Alberta whose decisions may be appealed to the courts.
The following resources can help you understand more about various courts and tribunals.
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Not sure where to begin finding answers to your questions. Get started with our suggested resources. See additional resources below for more information.
Appeals Officers in occupational health and safety, designated by the Minister of Labour and grouped under an administrative structure known as the Occupational Health and Safety Tribunal Canada (Tribunal), exercise the functions of an administrative tribunal.The mission of the Appeals Officers is to ensure expert, independent, unbiased quality service to all parties by treating them equally, fairly and with understanding, respect and dignity. The mandate of the Appeals Officers is to receive, hear and decide on appeals of decisions of absence of danger and directions regarding occupational health and safety issued pursuant to the Canada Labour Code.
The PSLRB is an independent quasi-judicial statutory tribunal that is responsible for administering the collective bargaining and grievance adjudication systems in the federal public service and in Parliament.
The Tax Court of Canada is the youngest superior court in Canada. The Court’s jurisdiction includes the hearing of appeals from assessments under the Income Tax Act, the Excise Tax Act (Goods and Services Tax “GST”), the Employment Insurance Act and the Canada Pension Plan, among others. The website gives access to the court judgments as well as providing information for people who plan to represent themselves at the court.
The federal and provincial and territorial governments are all responsible for the judicial system in Canada. Only the federal government can appoint and pay judges of the superior, or upper-level, courts in the provinces. Parliament can also establish a general court of appeal and other courts. It has created the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court and the Federal Court of Appeal, as well as the Tax Court. This Justice Canada webpage provides an outline of Canada's court system.