Courts and Tribunals

There are three courts in Alberta administered by the province: The Court of Appeal of Alberta; the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta; and the Provincial Court of Alberta. Other courts which administer laws in Alberta include the Federal Court of Canada, the Tax Court of Canada and the Supreme Court of Canada. There are also a number of boards and tribunals in Alberta whose decisions may be appealed to the courts.

The following resources can help you understand more about various courts and tribunals.


Suggested Resources

Alberta Resources

This section of the Alberta Courts website provides information about court locations around the province, contact information and sittings.

Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments

The Court of Appeal hears appeals from the Court of Queen's Bench, the Provincial Court and administrative tribunals. As well, the Court provides its opinion on questions referred by the Lieutenant Governor under the Judicature Act. The Court of Appeal's website includes links to information such as their: Announcements; Articling Program; Court of Appeal E-Filing; Frequently Asked Questions; History; Judgments; Judgments to be Filed; Judicial Dispute Resolution Guidelines; Locations; Sittings; Practice Notes/ Directions; Publications and Forms; and Subscription Services.

Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments

The Court of Queen's Bench is the Superior Trial Court for the Province, hearing trials in civil and criminal matters and appeals from decisions of the Provincial Court. The Chief Justice and other Justices of the Court of Queen's Bench are also judges of Surrogate Matters, which has jurisdiction over probate and administration of estate matters. Website sections: Announcements; Assignments; Articling Program; Civil Mediation; Commercial Practice; Dispute Resolution Project; Family; Frequently Asked Questions; Judgments; Locations and Sittings; Media Audio Recording; Practice Notes/ Directions; Publications and Forms

Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments

The Alberta Human Rights Act establishes the Alberta Human Rights Commission to carry out functions under the act.  The Commission is an independent commission created by the Government of Alberta, which reports to the Minister of Culture and Community Spirit. The Commission has a two-fold mandate: to foster equality and to reduce discrimination. It fulfills this mandate through public education and community initiatives, through the resolution and settlement of complaints of discrimination, and through human rights tribunal and court hearings.

Related legal topic(s): Human rights

The Alberta Labour Relations Board is the independent and impartial tribunal responsible for the day-to-day application and interpretation of Alberta's labour laws. The Board administers and interprets the Labour Relations Code and other laws focused on unionized workplaces. The Board actively encourages dispute resolution, employs officers for investigations and makes major policy decisions.
Related legal topic(s): Unions

The Edmonton Drug Treatment and Community Restoration Court, or “EDTCRC” is intended to reduce drug-related crime through innovative approaches to dealing with offenders. The principles behind this program include recognized drug treatment court concepts, the concept of problem-solving courts, and restorative justice.

Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments, Drugs and alcohol, Restorative justice

The mission of the Metis Settlements Appeal Tribunal (MSAT) is to promote self-governance, certainty, and respect within the Metis Settlements through adjudication, mediation and education. MSAT deals with land and membership disputes. MSAT also amends right of entry orders and settles compensation disputes for oil and gas activities on Settlement lands. MSAT may resolve other matters as called for in Metis Settlements General Council Policies and local Settlement by-laws.

Related legal topic(s): Aboriginal self-governance, Courts and court judgments, Mediation and alternative dispute resolution

The Office of the Appeals Advisor (OAA) was established to advance the interests of injured workers and their dependants. Appeals advisors are all certified in Tribunal Administrative Justice, are specialists in interpreting and applying the Workers' Compensation Act and WCB policies. They will walk you through the appeals process and act as your representative throughout. The OAA acts independently of WCB when representing workers and, whenever possible, they try to work directly with WCB's customer service areas to resolve issues so that a formal appeals hearing is not necessary. There is no charge to you for this service.

Related legal topic(s): Workers' compensation, Workers' health and safety, Workers' rights and employment standards

The Provincial Court is primarily the point of first entry into the justice system. This page connects to sections for Civil (Small Claims Court), Criminal, Family, Traffic and Youth. Each section has links to publications and forms, common questions, court sittings and so forth.

Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments

This online tutorial created by the Centre for Public Legal Education Alberta provides information about the structure of a trial after making a criminal complaint.

Related legal topic(s): Criminal law general resources, Elder abuse, Family violence general resources, Legal process

Courts Virtual Tour uses surround video to give a 360 degree view and navigation of Alberta Courtrooms. Virtual tours offer navigational links that allow you to move throughout the courtroom, tours include the: Court of Appeal; Queen's Bench Courtroom; Provincial Court; and a Large Trial Courtroom.

Related legal topic(s): Classroom materials, Self-representation

Canada/Federal

This webpage from the Canadian Legal Information Institute (CanLII) contains a listing of links to federal boards and tribunals in Canada (scroll halfway down the page). For a list of provincial and territorial boards and tribunals, click on the province/territory in the list on the left hand menu bar and then scroll down to the Boards and Tribunals list.

Related legal topic(s): Administrative law

This website provides a wide range of information about the Cout Martial Appeal Court. This Court hears appeals from military courts which are known as courts martial. The courts martial have power to try military personnel and civilians accompanying such personnel abroad for crimes and offences against the Code of Service Discipline.

Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments, Military law

The Federal Court is Canada's national trial court which hears and decides legal disputes arising in the federal domain, including claims against the Government of Canada, civil suits in federally-regulated areas and challenges to the decisions of federal tribunals. Its authority derives primarily from the Federal Courts Act.

Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments, Federal government departments

Site developed by Canada Justice explaining the levels and types of courts in Canada: provincial/territorial courts (which handle the great majority of cases that come into the system), provincial/territorial superior courts (which deal with more serious crimes and also take appeals from provincial/territorial court judgments, the Federal Court, the provincial/territorial courts of appeal and the Federal Court of Appeal, the Supreme Court of Canada (at the highest level).

Related legal topic(s): Legal process

The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) is Canada's largest independent administrative tribunal. It is responsible for making well-reasoned decisions on immigration and refugee matters, efficiently, fairly and in accordance with the law. The IRBdecides, among other responsibilities, who needs refugee protection among the thousands of claimants who come to Canada annually.

Related legal topic(s): Administrative law, Immigration, Refugees

Appeals Officers in occupational health and safety, designated by the Minister of Labour and grouped under an administrative structure known as the Occupational Health and Safety Tribunal Canada (Tribunal), exercise the functions of an administrative tribunal.The mission of the Appeals Officers is to ensure expert, independent, unbiased quality service to all parties by treating them equally, fairly and with understanding, respect and dignity. The mandate of the Appeals Officers is to receive, hear and decide on appeals of decisions of absence of danger and directions regarding occupational health and safety issued pursuant to the Canada Labour Code.

Related legal topic(s): Federal government departments, Workers' health and safety

The PSLRB is an independent quasi-judicial statutory tribunal that is responsible for administering the collective bargaining and grievance adjudication systems in the federal public service and in Parliament.
Related legal topic(s): Federal government departments, Mediation and alternative dispute resolution, Unions

The Tax Court of Canada is the youngest superior court in Canada. The Court’s jurisdiction includes the hearing of appeals from assessments under the Income Tax Act, the Excise Tax Act (Goods and Services Tax “GST”), the Employment Insurance Act and the Canada Pension Plan, among others. The website gives access to the court judgments as well as providing information for people who plan to represent themselves at the court.

Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments, Taxation

The Canada Agricultural Review Tribunal is an independent tribunal established by the Government of Canada to provide impartial reviews of notices of violation issued by federal agencies regulating agriculture and food.
Related legal topic(s): Courts and court judgments, Legal process

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